Atividades de inglês - interpretação de texto



Read the text below and do exercises 1-3.

What is cyberbullying, exactly? 

"Cyberbullying" is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. It has to have a minor on both sides, or at least have been instigated by a minor against another minor. Once adults become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-harassment or cyberstalking. Adult cyber-harassment ar cyberstalking is NEVER called cyberbullying. (...) 

From: <www.stopcyberbullying.org/what_is_cyberbullying_exactly.html>. Accessed in: May 2015. 
(fragment) 

1. Write T (True) or F (False). Then, correct the false statement(s). 

a) Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology such as the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. ____
b) Cyberbullying involves a child, preteen or teen on both sides. ____
c) Adult cyber-harassment is also called cyberbullying. ____

2. In "It has to have a minor on both sides", It refers to 

a) "cyberbullying". 
b) "child". 
c) "preteen". 
d) "teen". 

3. In "instigated by a minor against another minor", minor means 

a) menor de idade. 
b) maior de idade. 

Read the text below and do exercises 4-6. 

The Benefits of Music Education 

The Benefits to the Brain: Cognitive Development 
Adults who receive formal music instruction as children have more robust brainstem responses to sound than peers who never participate in music lessons and the magnitude of the response correlates with how recently training ceased. These results suggest that neural changes accompanying musical training during childhood are retained in adulthood. (...) 
Students in high-quality school music education programs score higher on standardized tests compared to students in schools with deficient music education programs, regardless of the socioeconomic level of [the] community. Playing a musical instrument significantly enhances the brainstern's sensitivity to speech sounds. This relates to encoding skills involved with music and language. Experience with music at a young age can "fine-tune" the brain's auditory system. (...) 

From: <www.vh1savethemusic.org/sites/default/files/BenefitsofMusicEd%20%281%29_1.pdf>. Accessed in: May 2015. 

4. What is the text above about? 

5. Based on the text, mark the correct item that answers each question below. 

a) Who has stronger brainstem responses to sound? 
[   ] Adults who never participate in music lessons. 
[   ] Adults who receive formal music instruction as children. 

b) Who has better results on standardized tests? 
[   ] Students in high-quality school music education programs. 
[   ] Students in schools with deficient music education programs. 

6. Complete the following sentences with words/expressions from the text.

a) Brain changes accompanying musical training during childhood are preserved in______________.
b) Playing a musical instrument improves dramatically the brainstem's sensitivity to_____________.
c) Experience with music during childhood can "fine-tune" the brain's _______________________.

Read the text below and do exercises 7-9.

Be Good to Your Brain 

So what can you do for your brain? Plenty. 
⦁ Eat healthy foods. They contain potassium and calcíum, two minerals that are important for the nervous system. 
⦁ Get a lot of playtime (exercise). 
⦁ Wear a helmet when you ride your bike or play other sports that require head protection. 
⦁ Don't drink alcohol, take drugs, or use tobacco. 
⦁ Use your brain by doing challenging activities, such as puzzles, reading, playing music, making art, or anything else that gives your brain a workout! 
Reviewed by: Yamini Durani, MD 
Date reviewed: January 2013 

From: <http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html>. Accessed in: May 2015. (fragment) 

7. De acordo com o texto acima, o que faz bem para o cérebro?

a) Praticar atividade física. 
b) Alimentar-se de forma saudável. 
c) Beber um copo de água em jejum. 
d) Não consumir bebida alcoólica, drogas ou cigarros. 
e) Usar equipamento de segurança ao praticar esportes. 
f) Reservar alguns minutos do dia para simplesmente não fazer nada. 
g) Realizar atividades que estimulem o cérebro, como, por exemplo, fazer quebra-cabeças, ler, tocar um instrumento digital. 

8. Which challenging activities that stimulate the brain are mentioned in the text? 

9. In "Wear a helmet when you ride your bike", helmet means 

a) capacete. 
b) cinto de segurança. 

Read the text below and do exercise 10-12

Sports and children 
Only six out of 10 children aged between five and 14 years participate in sport outside of school, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The Australian Health Survey conducted in April 2012 found that 25 per cent of Australian children and teenagers, aged five to 17 years, are overweight or obese, indicating that we need to foster a more sports-minded culture that encourages children to be physically active.
People who are active dramatically reduce their risk of many diseases, including heart disease and osteoporosis. Regular exercise is also known to reduce the risk of emotional problems such as anxiety and depression. Habits are established early in life and evidence suggests that physically active children are more likely to mature into physically active adults.

From: <www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsflpages/Sport and children?open>. Accessed in: May 2015. 

10. Responda às perguntas abaixo de acordo com o texto. 

a) Em média, quantas crianças entre 5 e 14 anos praticam esportes fora da escola? 
b) Segundo a pesquisa de 2012 mencionada no texto, qual o percentual de jovens australianos acima do peso? 
c) A partir dos resultados da pesquisa, o que deve ser feito para que os jovens se tornem fisicamente ativos? 

11. Based on the text, who is more likely to mature into physically active adults?

12. What are the advantages of regular exercise?

Read the text below and do exercises 13-14

When you use a rainbow as a nutritional guide you are ensuring that your kids are benefiting from a wide spectrum of vitamins, minerals and nutrients that are provided by each color group. Eating all five color groups every day is an excellent way to keep your kids healthy and feeling their best!

Here is a very basic run down on each color group and how it helps our bodies:

Red: Very heart healthy and gives strength support to our joints!
Orange: A great source of Vitamin C. The orange group helps keep our eyes healthy!
Yellow: This group is good for our skin and helps our digestive system!
Green: Helps our entire body and strengthens our immune systems, which means less colds!
Purple: Purple/blue foods are excellent for our brains! They help us with our memory and also help keep some cancers away!

From: <www.todayiatearainbow.com/about/benefits-of-eating-a-rainbow>. Accessed in: May 2015.

13. According to the text, why is it good to use a rainbow as a nutritional guide?

14. Complete the table below with the color groups mentioned on the text above.

Clique na imagem para ampliar

a) Which color group helps prevent some cancers? 
b) What is the meaning of "A great source of Vitamin c."? 


Gabarito

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