Exercícios sobre passado simples com verbos irregulares em inglês (pré-intermediário)

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Where did English come from?

OLD ENGLISH = he on pa duru eode
MODERN ENGLISH = he went to the door

The ancient Britons spoke Celtic languages like Welsh. The Romans made Britain a colony in 43 AD but Latin didn't become the language of the common people. Not many of the ancient Britons knew Latin and they didn't feel happy with a new language. 
In the 5th century AD, the Romans left Britain because they had problems at home. The Angles, Saxons and Jutes then went to England from Denmark and Germany. They brought their own Germanic languages. These languages became Old English. The story of English began.

1. True or false? English is a Latin language.

2. Leia as anotações sobre um dia típico de uma adolescente em A.D 1000 e escreva frases afirmativas (⇃) e negativas (x).

A teenager in 1000 AD
⇃  get up: 5.30
⇃  breakfast (bread and water)
x go to school
⇃ go to work
⇃  work begin: 6.30
⇃  lunch (meat)
⇃  get home: 5.00
⇃  make clothes: evening
⇃  before bed: tell story to sister
x sleep in a bed 
⇃ sleep on the floor

She got up at 5.30 and ...

3. O poema mais famoso do inglês antigo (Old Englis) é Beowulf. Complete o texto usando a forma correta dos verbos no passado simples.

Beowulf _________ (be) a great fighter 1,000 years ago. He _________ (win) many battles against monsters and dragons. Grendel was a terrible monster from Denmark. He _______ (have) big teeth and he was very strong. Grendel __________ (not sleep) and __________ (not eat).
He _________ (drink) blood. King Hrothgar of Denmark _________ (pay) Beowulf to kill Grendel.
Beowulf __________ (go) to Denmark, ____________ (fight) the monster and killed it. King Hrothgar __________ (give) Beowulf a lot of money. Beowulf _________(leave) Denmark and ___________ (not come) back.
He __________ (become) a  King. Finally, Beowulf died because a dragon killed him.

4. What did you do yesterday? Responda às perguntas usando o passado simples. Escreva mais três perguntas e responda-as. 

Exemplo
Did you speak English?
Yes, I did. I said "Hello" to my English teacher.

a) Did you get up early?
b) Did you buy anything?
c) Did you go anywhere in the evening?
d) Did you forget anything?
e) Did you see any friends?

Respostas

1. False

2. She got up at 5.30 and ate / had bread and (drank) water for breakfast. She didn't go to school, she went to work. Her work began at 6.30. She ate / had meat for lunch. She got home at 5.00. She made clothes in the evening. Before she went to bed, she told a story to her sister. She didn't sleep in a bed, she slept on the floor. 

3. Beowulf was a great fighter 1,000 years ago. He won many battles against monsters and dragons. Grendel was a terrible monster from Denmark. He had big teeth and he was very strong. Grendel didn't sleep and didn't eat.
He drank blood. King Hrothgar of Denmark paid Beowulf to kill Grendel.
Beowulf went to Denmark, fought the monster and killed it. King Hrothgar gave Beowulf a lot of money. Beowulf left Denmark and didn't come back.
He became a  King. Finally, Beowulf died because a dragon killed him.

4. Possible answers:
a) No I didn't. I got up at 10 o'clock.
b) Yes, I did. I bought some chocolate.
c) No, I didn't. I went to bed early.
d) Yes, I did. I forgot my Geography homework.
e) Yes, I did. I saw Lucy.

** Did you get any messages? Yes, I did. Lucy sent me a text.
** Did you drink coffee? No, I didn't. I drank two cans of cola.
** Did you feel happy? Yes, I did. I was very happy.

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