Singular and plural NOUNS - Elementary exercises (A1)


NOUNS
A noun is a person, a place or a thing: a waiter, a town, a pizza, a melon, an egg, an apple, a steak. 

SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS
Most nouns can be singular (one) or plural (more than one):

SINGULAR: a pizza, a melon, a banana, an apple, an egg
PLURAL: two pizzas, three melons, four bananas, five apples, some eggs

We usually add -s to a singular noun to make it plural, but some nouns are different:

NOUNS THAT END IN
s, ss, sh, ch, and x (and potato, tomato) add -es: buses, classes, dishes, watches, boxes, potatoes

consonant (b, c, d, etc.) + y change y to i and add -es: families, babies, countries.
(ay, ey, oy) add -s: days, valleys, toys

f or fe change f to v and add -es: loaves, wives, scarves

The plural form of a few nouns is different. We call these irregular nouns: 
SINGULAR: man, woman, child, person, foot, tooth, penny, fish, sheep
PLURAL: men, women, children, people, feet, teeth, pence, fish, sheep

Some nouns are always plural: clothes, jeans, shorts, scissors, trousers, glasses
a pair of jeans, a pair of shorts, a pair of scissors

PRACTICE

1. Write the plural form of the nouns. 

a) baby
b) box
c) car
d) child
e) class
f) country
g) day
h) exercise
i) family
j) foot
k) loaf
l) man
m) scarf
n) watch
o) wife

2. Match the two parts of the sentences.

(a) My brothers 
(b) My brother

(  ) walks to work
(  ) walk to work

(a) Our English teacher 
(b) Our English teachers

(  ) come from London
(  ) comes from London

(a) The children
(b) Jane’s child

(  ) is sick in bed.
(  ) are sick in bed. 

(a) My feet
(b) My foot

(  ) are hurting.
(  ) is hurting.

(a) Your reading glasses
(b) Your glass of water

(  ) is on the table
(  ) are on the table

3. Write the plural form of the nouns in the picture.


4. Complete the note with nouns from exercise 3 or a form of the verb be.

Sorry, Sarah – I’m going to see Mum because she’s not well. 
Can you put the shopping away? Thanks. 
The steaks ____ for dinner tonight, so can you put them in the fridge? 
Can you take the eggs out of the ____ and put them in the fridge, too? 
There are some ______ and ______ in the green bag – put them in the two ______ on the table. There are two _______ of bread, too – can you put one of them in the fridge, please? The jeans _______ for Simon – can you put them in his room? 
See you later – I hope the interview was OK. Helena 

ANSWERS KEYS 

1. cars, days, exercises, boxes, classes, watches, babies, countries, families, loaves, scarves, wives, children, feet, men

2. 
(a) My brothers 
(b) My brother

(b) walks to work
(a) walk to work

(a) Our English teacher 
(b) Our English teachers

(b) come from London
(a) comes from London

(a) The children
(b) Jane’s child

(b) is sick in bed.
(a) are sick in bed. 

(a) My feet
(b) My foot

(a) are hurting.
(b) is hurting.

(a) Your reading glasses
(b) Your glass of water

(b) is on the table
(a) are on the table

3. 
B: bananas
C: apples
D: bags
E: steaks
F: eggs
G: boxes
H: loaves
I: jeans/trousers

4. 
Sorry, Sarah – I’m going to see Mum because she’s not well. 
Can you put the shopping away? Thanks. 
The steaks are for dinner tonight, so can you put them in the fridge? 
Can you take the eggs out of the boxes and put them in the fridge, too? 
There are some apples and bananas in the green bag – put them in the two bowls on the table. There are two loaves of bread, too – can you put one of them in the fridge, please? The jeans are for Simon – can you put them in his room? 
See you later – I hope the interview was OK. Helena

Um comentário:

  1. I'm an English teacher, and this is one of the best pages for English learners I have seen. It is been a lot helpful to me. I've used your exercises with my students. Contents are creative and effective. Thank you very much for all.

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