15 de setembro de 2016

Prova de inglês para 3ºano do ensino médio (interpretação de texto)

Nível de dificuldade: difícil
Conteúdo: interpretação de texto (modelo de vestibular)

Texto para as questões 1 a 3: 

According to archeologists and anthropologists, the earliest clothing probably consisted of fur, leather, leaves or grass, draped, wrapped or tied about the body for protection frorn the elements. Knowledge of such clothing remains inferential, since (1) clothing materials deteriorate quickly compared to stone, bone, shell and metal artifacts. Archeologists have identified very early sewing needles of bone and ivory from about 30,000 BC, found near Kostenki, Russia, in 1988. 


1. Consider the following information: 

1) The different materiais that clothes were probably made of in far past. 
2) The processes of making woven fabrics used in clothing. 
3) The reason people wore clothes. 
4) The year when some ancient sewing needles were found. 

What information is in the text? 
a) Only 1 and 2 are. 
b) Only 3 and 4 are. 
c) Only 1 , 3 and 4 are. 
d) Only 2 and 4 are. 
e) Only 1, 2 and 3 are. 

2. Consider the following information: 

1) The history of clothing from its beginning until recent years. 
2) The reason it is difficult to know about earliest clothing. 
3) The materiais used in artifacts that made clothes deteriorate. 
4) A place where archeologists found ancient sewing needles. 
5) The different ways our ancestors used to put on their garments. 

What information is in the text? 
a) Only 1 and 3 are in the text. 
b) Only 2 and 4 are in the text. 
c) Only 1, 4 and 5 are in the text.
d) Only 2, 4 and 5 are in the text.
e) Only 1, 2 and 3 are in the text. 

3. Which word or phrase can replace the word "since" (ref. 1) in the text without, changing the meaning of the sentence? 

a) because
b) after some time 
c) when 
d) from now on 
e) long ago 

Texto para as questões 4 a 6: 

It is an old saying that "Order is Heaven's First Law", and like many other old sayings, it contains a much deeper philosophy than appears immediately on the surface. Getting things into a better order is the great secret of progress, and we are now able to fly through the air (1), not because the laws of Nature have altered, but because we have learnt to arrange things in the right order to produce this result - the things themselves had existed from the beginning of the world, but what was wanting was the introduction of a Personal Factor which, by an intelligent perception of the possibilities contained 
in the laws of Nature, should be able to bring into working reality ideas which previous generations would have laughed at as the absurd fancies of an unbalanced mind. (...) 
Now the first thing in any investigation is to have some idea of what you are looking for, just as you would not go up a tree to find fish, though you would for birds' eggs. 

(TROWARD, T. (1915), The creative process in the individual. Dodd, Mead & Co, New York. pp 1-2) 

4. The statement that best expresses the idea of the text is 

a) Mentally unbalanced inventors should be able to have important ideas. 
b) The changes in nature allow humankind to create scientific developments. 
c) By combinin the observation of natural phenomena and human creativity, new scientific developments are made possible. 
d) The development of life on Earth is always produced by crazy minds. 
e) There is always the possibility of developing deeper ideas from superficial ones. 

5. The popular saying/proverb that best expresses the main idea of the second paragraph is 

a) "Don't put off until tomorrow what you can do today." 
b) "It may be those who do the most that dream the most." 
c) "Even if you're on the right track, you'll be run over if you just sit there." 
d) "When patterns are broken new worlds emerge." 
e) "There are no favorable winds if you don't know where you are sailing. " 

6. According to the text, "we are now able to fly through the air" (ref. 1) because we know 

a) how to choose natural laws. 
b) the laws of nature. 
c) The Personal Factor was wanting.
d) how to put knowledge together correctly. 
e) what previous generations wanted from us. 

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Answers: C | D | A |C | E | D

Um comentário:

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