8 de setembro de 2016

Interpretação em inglês Fuvest

(Fuvest-SP) Texto para as questões de 01 a 06. 

The role of women in Spanish society has changed fast since the country became a democracy after General Franco died in 1975. He had swept away liberal reforms introduced in the 1930s, when Spain was a republic. For women specifically, these included a benevolent divorce law and certain property rights. In the 1930s many women played a big part on the left, often fighting side by side with men in the pro-Republic militias during the 1936-39 civil war. But after it the new regime, for the most part applauded by the church, put them back in the home as wives and mothers, with divorce forbidden and working outside frowned on. 
Change began in the 1960s when Spain opened up to tourists. Faced with competition from sexually liberated north Europeans, Spanish women "declared war on them, on men and on their elders", in the words of Lucia Graves, author of  "A Woman Unknown", which recounts her life as an Englishwoman married to a Spaniard at the time. That aggressive self-assertion continues. 
Not wholly successfully. At universities, women students now outnumber men. A typical couple has one or two children these days, a far cry from the days when families of eight or ten were common. But Spanish women still face the problems of their sisters in northern Europe. Their progress at work is often blocked, their pay often lower than men's. 

The Economist.  

1. According to the passage, since 1975. 

a) the role of left-wing Spanish women has changed quite fast. 
b) the new regime has faced problems when bringing about changes in the role of Spanish women. 
c) there have been changes in the role of Spanish women. 
d) Spanish women have played an important part in the government's adoption of reformist policies. 
e) many Spanish women have assumed the role of social reformers. 

2. The passage states that 

a) most of the liberal reforms introduced in the 1930s were approved by the church. 
b) liberal reforms introduced when Spain was a republic were abolished under Franco's regime. 
c) many Spanish women fought in the pro-Republic militias in the early 1930s. 
d) all liberal reforms introduced when Spain was a republic benefited women. 
e) Spanish women obtained a benevolent divorce law and certain property rights after Franco died. 

3. The passage tells us that after the civil war 

a) divorced women were not allowed to work outside. 
b) the church prohibited wives and mothers from working outside. 
c) most women continued to fight for liberal reforms. 
d) many women were unwilling to work outside. 
e) Spain was under a regime that no longer allowed divorce. 

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