23 de dezembro de 2017

THE or ZERO ARTICLE? Exercises with answers


1. Complete the text with the or zero article.

Name: Fred
Favourite food: I love___homemade food. I particularly love____food my grandmother makes. I hate___burgers and___chips and___coffee from___machine at work.
Likes and dislikes: I love___dancing and spending time with my friends. I especially love going to____park and listening to___music on my mp3 player.
Free time activities: I like to keep fit. I play____basketball twice a week and go swimming in___local pool every morning. I spend____hours playing games on my computer and I love watching___DVDs of old black and white films. I'm learning to play___saxophone. I'm not very good but it's___great fun. 

2. Cross out the definite articles which are not necessary.

a) I admire the people who know what they want to do in the life.
b) Those are the people who live in the house next door to us.
c) I loved the apple pie your mum made for us last night.
d) The bus is always late in the morning and I’m always late for the work!
e) The money cannot buy the happiness.
f) Jim is the happiest person I know.

A: How did you get here?
B: I came by the bus.
A: The number 1?
B: No, the number 3.

A: Where are you working at the moment?
B: At the new school near the stadium.

A: Does Tom do any sport at the school?
B: Yes, he plays the football twice a week.

3. Add the to the conversation where necessary. 

A: Would you and kids like to have lunch with us on Sunday?
B: Yes, we'd love to. Kids love food you cook!
A: Is there anything they don't like? I'm thinking of making chicken and rice. And ice cream for dessert.
B: Great! They both love chicken - especially with special homemade tomato sauce you always make.
A: And maybe we can go and see a film later? New Disney film is on at Odeon Cinema near us.
B: I can take them if you want and you can stay at home and enjoy some peace and quiet.
A: That sounds great!
B: No problem. See you on Sunday then.
A: Yeah, bye.


The zero article means you do not use a/an or the.

You do not use an article with plural or uncountable nouns to talk about people, animals or things in a general way.

** plural nouns
I hate dogs. = You hate all dogs. (don’t say I hate the dogs.)
Compare with: The two big black dogs that live next door. (two specific dogs)

** uncountable nouns
I love pasta. = You love all types of pasta. (don’t say I love the pasta.)
Compare with: I love the pasta your mum makes. (a specific type of pasta)

** abstract nouns and concepts
I love silence. (don’t say I love the silence.)
Compare with: I love the silence in the early morning when everyone is sleeping. (a specific example of silence)

Some special cases

** play + sports
You say play tennis (and other sports) with no article, but you say play the piano (and other instruments).
I play football. I ’m learning to play the guitar.

** home, work and school
You do not use an article when talking about home, work or school as part of your day to day life.
I'm staying at home tonight.
I'm not going in to work tomorrow.
Where are the children? They’re at school.

Compare with:
Her grandmother lives in an old people’s home.
(a specific kind of home)

I've finished all the work I had to do this weekend.
(a specific amount of work)

The children go to the school at the end of the road.
(explaining which school)

** by + transport
by car, by taxi, by train

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