13 de abril de 2019

INGLÊS - Texto pequeno para leitura com respostas

A problem in arithmetic
A young girl is in the eighth grade at school. She is a good student and a very intelligent girl. She likes to study arithmetic problems in her book easily.
One day on her way to school she passes a coffee shop. There is a sign in the window which says:
"Donuts - Six for five cents." An idea comes to the girl and she goes into the store.
"How much are the donuts?" she asks the man.
"Six for five cents."
"But I don't want six donuts."
"How many donuts do you want."
"It is not a question of how many donuts I want. It is a problem in arithmetic."
"What do you mean a problem in arithmetic?" asks the man.
"Well, if six donuts are worth five cents, four donuts are worth three cents, three donuts are two cents, two donuts are worth one cent, and one donut is worth nothing. I only want one donut, and if one donut is worth nothing, then it is not necessary for me to pay you."
The girl picks out a nice donut, begins to eat it, and walks happily out of the coffee shop. The man looks at the young girl with such surprise that he can not say a word. 

donut - (a variant of doughnut) a small fried cake
grade - stage, degree, level
be worth - (v) cost
pick out - (v) choose, select
walk out - (v) go outside on foot

1. Que provérbio poderia ser aplicado ao texto?
a) You can't eat your cake and have it. (Não se pode comer o bolo e guardar o bolo)
b) A word to the wise is enough. (Para quem sabe ler, um pingo é letra.)
c) Don't count your eggs before they are hatched. (Não conte os ovos antes de serem postos.)
d) There is safety in numbers. (Os números não mentem.)
e) Ask a silly question and you get a silly answer. (Pergunta boba, resposta idem.)

2. Em qual opção há um comentário inadequado ao episódio descrito no texto?
a) A menina fez um raciocínio voltado para seu interesse particular.
b) A menina manipulou os dados aritméticos em seu favor.
c) O raciocínio da menina estava aritmeticamente correto.
d) A menina certamente sabia que cada bolo tinha seu preço.
e) O raciocínio da menina não estava correto, pois cada bolo custava pouco menos de 1 cent.

3. Na frase "... five donuts worth four cents", a expressão are worth poderia ser substituída por: 
a) valuable
b) price
c) valour
d) cost
e) costs

4. Na frase "There is a sign in the window..." (2º parágrafo), a palavra sign poderia ser substituída por:
a) advertisement
b) billboard
c) bulletin board
d) cost
e) warning

5. Em qual das opções a expressão How many está incorreta?
a) How many seasons are there in a year?
b) How many people live in your city?
c) How many information do you get in a single day?
d) How many cents are there in one dollar?
e) How many meters are there in one kilometer?

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